I've also been trying to figure out how to erase files from a floppy using the kernal. Little bit of a pain, since theres hardly anything telling you how to execute disk commands from assembler. I know you can do this in DOS...
But, I wasn't sure how to actually do it in assembler. I finally found some code after a bit of hunting around and this is now what I do...
lda #15 ; file handle
ldx #8 ; device
tay ; command channel
jsr SETLFS ; set channel details
lda #8 ; length of filename ("S0:SCORE")
ldx #LO(HISCORENAME) ; pointer to score
jsr SETNAM ; Set file name
jsr OPEN ; perform OPEN command
jsr CLOSE ; and close the channel
And thats all there is to it. When we have the turbo installed we'll have to issue a save with overwrite and get the turbo (on the disk drive side) to erase the file first. This is all to avoid the SAVE "@0:filename" bug. However, after all this is done, it'll mean we can save hiscores to disk for a proper record - which is cool.